# Standard 1: Develop an understanding for counting using objects in a set.

General Information
Number: MA.K.NSO.1
Title: Develop an understanding for counting using objects in a set.
Type: Standard
Subject: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Strand: Number Sense and Operations

## Related Benchmarks

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

## Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

## Access Points

MA.K.NSO.1.AP.1
Given a group of up to 10 objects, count the number of objects in that group and represent the number by identifying the written numeral. Express the number of objects in a rearrangement of that group without recounting.
MA.K.NSO.1.AP.2
Given a number from 0 to 10, count out that many objects.
MA.K.NSO.1.AP.3
Identify the “first,” “second” or “third” object within a sequence.
MA.K.NSO.1.AP.4
Compare the number of objects from 0 to 10 in two groups to determine which group is greater or less, or if the number of objects in the two groups are equal.

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

## Formative Assessments

How Many Dots?:

Students are shown dot cards and asked to determine how many dots are on each card.

Type: Formative Assessment

Which is Greater?:

Students are asked to compare two numbers between 1 and 10 during a game of "Which is Greater?".

Type: Formative Assessment

How Many Cubes?:

Students are asked to count cubes arranged in lines, arrays, and circles.

Type: Formative Assessment

Conservation of Cardinality:

Students are asked to count a set of cubes, rearrange the cubes, and then determine the number of cubes in the rearranged set.

Type: Formative Assessment

How Many Cubes Are There?:

Students are asked to count sets of cubes and determine how many cubes are in each set. Next, students are given a set of cubes and asked to count out a given number of cubes.

Type: Formative Assessment

You Can Do It, Sam:

Students are read the book, You Can Do It, Sam, by Amy Hest and are asked to count the number of cakes and houses in the illustrations.

Type: Formative Assessment

Who Wins?:

Students compare numerals to determine which number is the greatest.

Type: Formative Assessment

Who Has More Dots?:

Students work with a partner to determine whose card, if any, has more dots.

Type: Formative Assessment

Which Side Has More?:

Students compare groups of objects to determine whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group.

Type: Formative Assessment

Which Set Has One More?:

Students identify the set that contains one more than a given number.

Type: Formative Assessment

Take and Compare:

Students take handfuls of counters, count them, and use the terms greater than, less than, or equal to to compare the sets.

Type: Formative Assessment

Model and Write Numbers:

Students use counters and ten frames to model and write given numbers.

Type: Formative Assessment

Matching Ten Frames to Numerals:

Students are asked to match four ten frames representing different numbers to the correct numerals.

Type: Formative Assessment

Is it Still Seven?:

Students are asked to count a set of seven cubes, rearrange the cubes, and then determine the number of cubes in the rearranged set.

Type: Formative Assessment

How Many Dots Are There?:

Students count to tell how many dots are on the cards.

Type: Formative Assessment

How Many Cubes Does Brianna Need?:

Students are asked to show 12 cubes.

Type: Formative Assessment

How Do I Write the Number?:

Students count the objects in a set and write the number of objects they counted.

Type: Formative Assessment

Field Trip to the Fire Station:

Students write the number of objects counted in sets of objects.

Type: Formative Assessment

Fall Math Story:

Students write the numbers they hear in a story.

Type: Formative Assessment

Greater Than/Less Than/Equal To:

Students work in pairs to compare 10 frame cards that contain both a numeral and a corresponding number of dots.

Type: Formative Assessment

Comparing Numbers Card Game:

Students are asked to compare two numbers between 1 and 10 using playing cards.

Type: Formative Assessment

Comparing Numbers:

Students are asked to compare pairs of numbers between 1 and 10.

Type: Formative Assessment

Books and Bookmarks:

Students are asked to count eight books and decide how many bookmarks they would need if they gave each book a bookmark.

Type: Formative Assessment

Animal Line Up:

Students are shown two cards with pictures of animals and asked to compare the number of animals on the two cards.

Type: Formative Assessment

## Lesson Plans

Spring Festival Flower:

In this MEA, students will help pick a flower that will be the focus of the Spring Festival.  They will practice counting pictures and representing the number of pictures with a written numeral.

Type: Lesson Plan

Counting On With SPLASH:

In this lesson, students will count forward from a given number while manipulating animals in a pond during a read aloud by the teacher.

Type: Lesson Plan

Popsicle Problem:

Students will work in teams to help choose the best Popsicle to sell. They will develop a procedure based on the following criteria: taste, color, cost, and melting speed. They will reassess the Popsicles during the twist incorporating flavors and a fourth Popsicle choice. Students may arrange the criteria based on their team's interpretation of most important to least important. Students may have to make trade offs based on these interpretations.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Pineville Playground:

This MEA is designed on a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best piece of playground equipment to add to the city playground. Students will use criteria such as safety, cost, degree of fun, and time to build to make their determinations.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

From the Apple Farm to Market!:

This MEA is designed at a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best apple treat to showcase in a display at a farm stand. Students will use criteria such as smell, taste, and profit to make their determinations.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Balancing Equations:

This is an engaging, hands-on lesson to help the students understand the meaning of the equal sign. The lesson is written using a pan/equal arm balance but may be done with just connecting cubes.

Type: Lesson Plan

If You Give a Teacher a Cookie...:

More than, less than, or equal to? Which would you rather have? Well, it depends upon the situation. Let's compare objects and numbers and decide if it is best to have more of something, less of something, or just as much as someone else.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's the Scoop?:

In this open-ended question, students, in teams will make decisions about how to rank new ice cream flavors for Frosty's based on various ice cream characteristics (e.g., taste, smell, color and fun factor). Students will practice analyzing data sets and their writing skills to record their process and thinking.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Counting by 10's with Zero the Hero and Little Count:

In this lesson students will learn to count to 100 by 10's. The relationship between the numbers 1-10 and 10-100 will be made using the 100's chart followed by a PowerPoint story about Little Count the Caterpillar. Students will make their own Little Count the Caterpillar using circle body segments, where each circle represents the numerals 10, 20, 30...

Type: Lesson Plan

Vegetables…in Cupcakes?!:

In teams, students will make decisions about how to select the best bakery based on various cupcake characteristics (e.g., taste, smell).

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Fishy Lengths - Which fish is right for my aquarium?:

Students explore lengths of fish to determine if fish are too long to fit in different sized aquariums. Students will use non-standard units and measuring tools to compare the lengths of fish and boxes without being able to directly hold the fish near the boxes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Birds of a Feather:

Students will go on a simulated bird-watching trip around the classroom.  They will collect and sort images of various birds into categories based on their visible characteristics.  They will use these groups of bird images to practice counting and comparing objects in different categories.  Students will use descriptions of bald eagles in the book, The Bald Eagle by Norman Pearl, to identify images of bald eagles among their categories and discuss how the bald eagle is a symbol of the United States.

Type: Lesson Plan

Counting to Ten With Ten Black Dots:

In this lesson, students will practice one-to-one correspondence and counting to 10 using black dots as manipulative.

Type: Lesson Plan

Hopping Hippo Needs Help:

In this open-ended question, students, in teams will make decisions about how to rank shoes based on various shoe characteristics (e.g., color, comfort, shoelaces, lights, and customer ratings).

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Let's Count the Steps:

Students will count items with numbers ranging from zero to twenty in an outdoor environment (can also be done indoors) and, when given a number up to 20, will count steps, using body movement in the form of "taking steps" on a number line to enhance learning.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Original Student Tutorials

Lucy is 5! Recognizing and Writing Number 5:

Learn to how to recognize and write the number 5 and count up to 5 objects using 10 frames and number lines as you help Lucy the dog plan a party in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Circus Time With Number 4, Recognizing and Writing Number 4:

Help Lucy the dog recognize and write number 4.  She will also learn to count up to 4 objects using a ten frame and number line in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

We Have 2 Bones! Recognizing and Writing Number 2:

Help Lucy and Izzy learn to recognize and write the number 2. In this interactive tutorial, you'll also count two objects and use a 10 frame and a number line.

This is part 2 in a multi-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Where Is My Bone? Recognizing and Writing Numbers 0 and 1:

Help Lucy and Izzy explore the numbers 0 and 1 using writing, ten frames and number lines in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Washing Hands: Counting to 20:

Learn how to wash your hands and count to 20 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Count a Group of 0 to 5 Objects:

Help Gabriella and Olivia count groups of objects from 0 to 5 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Stars and Stripes Part 1: Sorting Into Groups:

Learn about the American flag by identifying colors and shapes and sorting parts of flag designs into groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. and civics integrated tutorial.

This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Stars and Stripes Part 2: Counting Within Groups:

Learn about the American flag by sorting flag designs and features into groups and counting the objects in a group in this interactive S.T.E.M. and civics integrated tutorial.

This is part 2 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Teaching Idea

1-10 Book:

This teaching idea describes a project for kindergarten students. Students create a book of numbers 1-10. Each page has the numerical and written form of each number, as well as colorful drawings that corresponded to that number.

Type: Teaching Idea

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

## Original Student Tutorials

Lucy is 5! Recognizing and Writing Number 5:

Learn to how to recognize and write the number 5 and count up to 5 objects using 10 frames and number lines as you help Lucy the dog plan a party in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Circus Time With Number 4, Recognizing and Writing Number 4:

Help Lucy the dog recognize and write number 4.  She will also learn to count up to 4 objects using a ten frame and number line in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

We Have 2 Bones! Recognizing and Writing Number 2:

Help Lucy and Izzy learn to recognize and write the number 2. In this interactive tutorial, you'll also count two objects and use a 10 frame and a number line.

This is part 2 in a multi-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Where Is My Bone? Recognizing and Writing Numbers 0 and 1:

Help Lucy and Izzy explore the numbers 0 and 1 using writing, ten frames and number lines in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Washing Hands: Counting to 20:

Learn how to wash your hands and count to 20 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Count a Group of 0 to 5 Objects:

Help Gabriella and Olivia count groups of objects from 0 to 5 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Stars and Stripes Part 1: Sorting Into Groups:

Learn about the American flag by identifying colors and shapes and sorting parts of flag designs into groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. and civics integrated tutorial.

This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Stars and Stripes Part 2: Counting Within Groups:

Learn about the American flag by sorting flag designs and features into groups and counting the objects in a group in this interactive S.T.E.M. and civics integrated tutorial.

This is part 2 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.