## Course Standards

## General Course Information and Notes

### Version Description

This course offers students an opportunity to deepen science, mathematics, engineering, and technology skills. The primary content focus will be to expand knowledge of current grade level standards in mathematics and science by applying that content in a real world, hands-on situation involving engineering and technology. For second grade, themes will focus on the investigation of number sense, measurement, earth science, and physical science concepts.

Students will participate in various hands-on STEM activities in this supplemental course to assist in the mastery of current grade level mathematics and science standards.

**Instructional Practices **

Teaching from a range of complex text is optimized when teachers in all subject areas implement the following strategies on a routine basis:

- Ensuring wide reading from complex text that varies in length.
- Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.
- Emphasizing text-specific complex questions, and cognitively complex tasks, reinforce focus on the text and cultivate independence.
- Emphasizing students supporting answers based upon evidence from the text.
- Providing extensive research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).

**Science and Engineering Practices** (NRC *Framework for K-12 Science Education, 2010*)

- Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering).
- Developing and using models.
- Planning and carrying out investigations.
- Analyzing and interpreting data.
- Using mathematics, information and computer technology, and computational thinking.
- Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering).
- Engaging in argument from evidence.
- Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information.

**English Language Development (ELD) Standards Special Notes Section:**

Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English Language Learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in science and math. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success. The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL's need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link: https://cpalmsmediaprod.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/docs/standards/eld/sc.pdf.

For additional information on the development and implementation of the ELD standards, please contact the Bureau of Student Achievement through Language Acquisition at sala@fldoe.org.

### General Information

**Course Number:**5020090

**Course Path:**

**Abbreviated Title:**STEM LAB 2

**Course Length:**Year (Y)

**Course Attributes:**

- Class Size Core Required

**Course Status:**Course Approved

## Educator Certifications

## Student Resources

## Original Student Tutorials

Visit The Sweet Shop and see how their treats measure up as we explore length measurement in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Visit The Sweet Shop and tickle your senses as we observe properties of matter in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented with tally marks and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented in tables and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented with tally marks and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented in tables and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented as pictographs and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented as pictographs and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented as bar graphs and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

This is part 2 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Investigate what happens to water left in an open container or a closed container in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented as bar graphs and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Investigate the movement of the air that is all around us, the effects of wind on our environment, and how people use wind as a source of energy in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how scientists answer the question, "How do you know?" by making observations and gathering evidence in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enjoy a visit to the beach and explore how the Sun's energy directly and indirectly warms Earth in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Was the statue of liberty always green? Why do some things rust? Exactly how cool were hypercolor shirts? Explore these questions and more as we investigate how different materials react to situations that may change their properties in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What is the shape of water? Explore common states of matter and how the state affects the shape of matter inside and outside different containers in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how pushes and pulls can have different effects on different objects as you help Maria and her family take care of the pets in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Investigate whether a container is "full" by exploring the three main states of matter in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join Mr. Reynolds and his class as they use magnetic attraction and repulsion to make objects move in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Ms. Griffin's class answer questions about the data they collected on their class's favorite ice cream flavors in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Ice cream, ice cream, learn all about it! Learn how to organize collected data to create your own pictographs in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore how forces can change the motion of objects on the playground in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a young girl and her grandmother in the garden as they discover the importance of repeating and replicating results to arrive at similar conclusions in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to measure and compare temperatures taken every day at the same time in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Opportunities to explore the measurement of liquid volume are overflowing in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Investigate the importance of electricity and other forms of energy to our daily lives in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about water in its different states, including solid, liquid, and gas, in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Compare seasonal precipitation patterns in Miami and Tallahassee, Florida by interpreting data on bar graphs in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 of a 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1, Patterns in Temperature.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Compare daily and seasonal temperature patterns in Miami and Tallahassee, Florida in this interactive science tutorial.

This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2, Patterns in Precipitation.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover how Earth's gravity influences objects in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to make observations and inferences as you take a virtual kayak trip down the beautiful Suwannee River with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn read and write numbers in expanded form with the dolphins in this interactive tutorial.

This is Part 2 in a two-part series. Click **HERE **to open Part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to read and write numbers to 1000 using base-ten numerals with the dolphins!

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of a two-part series. Click **HERE** to open Part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover what a virus is, actions that cause viruses like the flu to spread from one person to another, and strategies to decrease the spread of viruses to others.

This interactive tutorial is part 2 in a two-part series. Click to open part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover what a virus is, actions that cause viruses like the flu to spread from one person to another, and strategies to decrease the spread of viruses to others.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 in a two-part series. Click to open part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Add and subtract within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths in the same units to fix the construction mix-up at a school in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A 6 foot bug? No way! Learn how to estimate length using inches, feet and yards by using objects around you in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to compare three-digit numbers using place value models, number lines and place value charts in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to use place value to solve subtraction problems within 100 in this interactive, basketball-themed tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn different strategies for adding two-digit numbers and solve problems involving lengths as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Educational Games

Students are to guess two numbers based on their sum and difference: The sum of 2 numbers is 15 and their difference is 1. What are the 2 numbers?

Type: Educational Game

The students will be presented with two shapes and must estimate how many times the smaller will fit in the larger. They will be surprised at some of the results but will quickly learn and make adjustments.

Type: Educational Game

## Educational Software / Tools

This interactive Flash applet helps children learn grouping, tally marks, place value, addition, and subtraction. Students help the alien spaceship move cows into corrals by counting by 5s and 10s. They also can apply those grouping skills to practice adding and subtracting two-digit numbers with regrouping. Audio cues and prompts reinforce the user's actions and facilitate counting and the development of math language.

Type: Educational Software / Tool

A printable hundreds chart featuring a 10x10 table numbered 1 to 100. (found on Illuminations website under "Trading for Quarters")

Type: Educational Software / Tool

## Presentation/Slideshows

The Tar Heel Reader books may be downloaded as slide shows in PowerPoint, Impress, or Flash format. Each book can be speech enabled and accessed using multiple interfaces, including touch screens, the IntelliKeys with custom overlays, and 1 to 3 switches.

This book provides different examples of the different forms of water: liquid, solid, and gas.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

This is an accessible, easy-to-read book about the four seasons in the Western hemisphere. It can be downloaded in Power Point, Impress, and Flash formats. For struggling or non-readers, the book can be speech enabled in a variety of voices. All of the books on the Tar Heel Reader site can be used with the Intellikeys keyboard and a custom overlay, a touch screen, and/or 1-3 switches. The text and background colors can be modified for readers with visual impairments.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

This is an accessible, easy-to-read book about liquids. It can be downloaded in Power Point, Impress, and Flash formats. For struggling or non-readers, the book can be read aloud in a variety of voices. All of the books on the Tar Heel Reader site can be used with the Intellikeys keyboard and a custom overlay, a touch screen, and/or 1-3 switches. The text and background colors can be modified for students with visual impairments.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

This is free, easy-to-read, and accessible book that explains the three states of matter. The book may be downloaded as slide show in PowerPoint, Impress, or Flash format. The book can be speech enabled and accessed using multiple interfaces, including touch screens, the IntelliKeys with custom overlays, and 1 to 3 switches.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

## Problem-Solving Tasks

The purpose of this task if for students to gain a better understanding of <,=,> with the help of number sentences.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to relate addition and subtraction problems to money and to situations and goals related to saving money. This task is an instructional task that brings many aspects of the mathematical work that second graders will be doing together with an opportunity to learn about financial literacy concepts.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Students who are struggling to build an understanding of the relationship between digit placement and the value of the number may still need concrete manipulatives such as grid paper and Base Ten Blocks. As a classroom extension, after students have worked independently or in small groups to solve the problem, the teacher can ask students to share their numbers, until all six possibilities are listed. Then, independently or as a whole group, students can order the six numbers from smallest to largest (or largest to smallest).

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to relate addition and subtraction problems to money and to situations and goals related to saving money. This task has students adding two 2-digit numbers that require regrouping and the solution shows a more concrete approach than the solution approach shown in 2.OA, NBT Saving Money 2. This problem can be adjusted based on where students are in their understanding of addition involving two digit numbers.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to gain a better understanding of 3-digit numbers and their place value.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The language in this task is above the reading level of many second grade students, so it is best for the teacher to explain the task to the students verbally. After students have drawn and measured their ten line segments, it might be more useful for the class to discuss part (b) as a whole group. It is a good idea to have the students use color to help them keep track of the connection between a line that they have drawn and the corresponding data point on the graph.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task requires students to compare numbers that are identified by word names and not just digits. The order of the numbers described in words are intentionally placed in a different order than their base-ten counterparts so that students need to think carefully about the value of the numbers. Some students might need to write the equivalent numeral as an intermediate step to solving the problem.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task is intended to assess adding of four numbers as given in the standard while still being placed in a problem-solving context. As written this task is instructional; due to the random aspect regarding when the correct route is found, it is not appropriate for assessment. This puzzle works well as a physical re-enactment, with paper plates marking the islands and strings with papers attached for the tolls.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

## Text Resource

Users can read and view pictures that explain the three phases (solid, liquid, and gas) in which water exists. An activity that illustrates water vapor in one's breath and a brief explanation of what phase changes are and what triggers them is also included.

Type: Text Resource

## Tutorials

In this tutorial you will learn how to solve a word problem by creating a chart and adding the same number many times.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial, called, "sports on a die" explains the pitfalls of relying on key words in a word problem. Students solve a problem by writing a missing addend addition equation and solve with the standard algorithm for subtracting two digit numbers.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, called "Using crayons", explore subtracting within 100 using the standard algorithm, as well as a bar diagram.

Type: Tutorial

You can watch a video that demonstrates how to convert numbers into words. Then, you can practice this skill by answering multiple choice questions.

Type: Tutorial

Students will view a video that uses place model values up to 1000, to teach the concept of how to convert numbers into words. After viewing the video students have an opportunity to practice this skill and receive immediate feedback on their responses.

Type: Tutorial

## Video/Audio/Animations

The representation is an animation showing particle arrangement and movement in a gas, liquid, and solid. In addition, there is accompanying text and a chart that compares the characteristics of a solid, liquid, and gas.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

This video clip explores what happens to water in the same location over the course of different seasons. On Earth, water can be found regularly in its three distinct phases; liquid, solid, and gas. Each phase has noticeably different properties that need to be considered in certain circumstances. The phase of water is influenced by atmospheric conditions, specifically seasonal temperatures. An example, is that a boat can float and glide on water in the summer, but it cannot pass through solid ice in the winter.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The process that moves water around Earth is known as the water cycle. I this ZOOM-adapted video clip, the cast uses a homemade solar still to separate pure water from a saltwater mixture, mimicing this natural process.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

## Virtual Manipulatives

Hacker has given you a challenge. He will run his number machine to create a number. Then you will get three numbers between one and nine. The challenge is to make a number that is larger than the one on Hacker's machine. Be careful though--Hacker will give you numbers that can't be bigger than his!

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Students use this interactive tool to explore the connections between data sets and their representations in charts and graphs. Enter data in a table (1 to 6 columns, unlimited rows), and preview or print bar graphs, line graphs, pie charts, and pictographs. Students can select which set(s) of data to display in each graph, and compare the effects of different representations of the same data. Instructions and exploration questions are provided using the expandable "+" signs above the tool.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

In this activity, students can create and view a histogram using existing data sets or original data entered. Students can adjust the interval size using a slider bar, and they can also adjust the other scales on the graph. This activity allows students to explore histograms as a way to represent data as well as the concepts of mean, standard deviation, and scale. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Section:Grades PreK to 12 Education Courses >Grade Group:Grades PreK to 5 Education Courses >Subject:Science >SubSubject:General Sciences >