Title: Text Types and Purposes
Subject: English Language Arts - Archived
Strand: Writing Standards
This cluster includes the following benchmarks.
Related Access Points
This cluster includes the following access points.
Provide an introduction that states own opinion within persuasive text.
Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s opinion.
Provide relevant facts to support stated opinion or reasons within persuasive writing.
Link opinions and reasons using words, phrases and clauses.
Provide a clear concluding statement or section related to the opinion stated.
Write an introduction that includes context/background information and establishes a central idea or focus about a topic.
Organize ideas, concepts and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast and cause/effect.
Support the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples.
Include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables) and multimedia appropriate to convey information about the topic.
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
Provide a concluding statement or section to summarize the information presented.
Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters.
Organize ideas and events so that they unfold naturally.
Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses to manage the sequence of events.
Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.
Write a narrative that includes smaller segments of conflict and resolution in the text that contribute to the plot.
Provide a conclusion (concluding sentence, paragraph or extended ending) that follows from the narrated events.
Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.
Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.
Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.