Social Studies Grade K (#5021020) 

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Course Standards

Name Description
SS.K.A.1.1: Develop an understanding of how to use and create a timeline.
SS.K.A.1.2: Develop an awareness of a primary source.
SS.K.A.2.1: Compare children and families of today with those in the past.
SS.K.A.2.2: Recognize the importance of celebrations and national holidays as a way of remembering and honoring people, events, and our nation's ethnic heritage.
SS.K.A.2.3: Compare our nation's holidays with holidays of other cultures.
SS.K.A.2.4: Listen to and retell stories about people in the past who have shown character ideals and principles including honesty, courage, and responsibility.
SS.K.A.2.5: Recognize the importance of U.S. symbols.
SS.K.A.3.1: Use words and phrases related to chronology and time to explain how things change and to sequentially order events that have occurred in school.
SS.K.A.3.2: Explain that calendars represent days of the week and months of the year.
SS.K.CG.1.1: Identify the purpose of rules and laws in the home and school. 
  • Students will define rules as standards of responsible behavior (e.g., rules for home and school).
  • Students will define laws as a system of rules intended to protect people and property that are created and enforced by government (e.g., speed limit).
  • Students will identify what can happen without rules and laws. 
SS.K.CG.1.2: Identify people who have the authority and power to make and enforce rules and laws. 
  • Students will identify authority figures in their school and community including, but not limited to, parents, teachers and law enforcement officers. 
SS.K.CG.2.1: Describe and demonstrate the characteristics of being a responsible citizen. 
  • Students will identify examples of responsible citizenship.
  • Students will demonstrate that conflicts can be resolved in ways that are consistent with being a responsible citizen.
  • Students will explain why it is important to take responsibility for one’s actions. 
SS.K.CG.2.2: Describe ways for groups to make decisions. 
  • Students will practice decision-making in small and large groups through voting, taking turns, class meetings and discussion. 
  • Students will identify examples of responsible decisions. 
SS.K.CG.2.3: Define patriotism as the allegiance to one’s country. 
  • Students will identify patriotic holidays and observances (e.g., American Founders Month, Celebrate Freedom Week, Constitution Day, Independence Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Medal of Honor Day, Memorial Day, Patriot Day, Veterans Day).
  • Students will recognize that the Pledge of Allegiance is an oath that affirms American values and freedom. 
  • Students will identify “I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all” as the Pledge of Allegiance. 
SS.K.CG.2.4: Recognize symbols that represent the United States.
  • Students will recognize the American flag, the bald eagle and the U.S. President as symbols that represent the United States. 
SS.K.CG.2.5: Recognize symbols that represent Florida. 
  • Students will recognize Florida’s state flag and state nickname (“The Sunshine State”) as symbols that represent the state. 
SS.K.E.1.1: Describe different kinds of jobs that people do and the tools or equipment used.
SS.K.E.1.2: Recognize that United States currency comes in different forms.
SS.K.E.1.3: Recognize that people work to earn money to buy things they need or want.
SS.K.E.1.4: Identify the difference between basic needs and wants.
SS.K.G.1.1: Describe the relative location of people, places, and things by using positional words.
SS.K.G.1.2: Explain that maps and globes help to locate different places and that globes are a model of the Earth.
SS.K.G.1.3: Identify cardinal directions (north, south, east, west).
SS.K.G.1.4: Differentiate land and water features on simple maps and globes.
SS.K.G.2.1: Locate and describe places in the school and community.
SS.K.G.2.2: Know one's own phone number, street address, city or town and that Florida is the state in which the student lives.
SS.K.G.3.1: Identify basic landforms.
SS.K.G.3.2: Identify basic bodies of water.
SS.K.G.3.3: Describe and give examples of seasonal weather changes, and illustrate how weather affects people and the environment.
MA.K12.MTR.1.1: Actively participate in effortful learning both individually and collectively.  

Mathematicians who participate in effortful learning both individually and with others: 

  • Analyze the problem in a way that makes sense given the task. 
  • Ask questions that will help with solving the task. 
  • Build perseverance by modifying methods as needed while solving a challenging task. 
  • Stay engaged and maintain a positive mindset when working to solve tasks. 
  • Help and support each other when attempting a new method or approach.


Teachers who encourage students to participate actively in effortful learning both individually and with others:
  • Cultivate a community of growth mindset learners. 
  • Foster perseverance in students by choosing tasks that are challenging. 
  • Develop students’ ability to analyze and problem solve. 
  • Recognize students’ effort when solving challenging problems.
MA.K12.MTR.2.1: Demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways.  

Mathematicians who demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:  

  • Build understanding through modeling and using manipulatives.
  • Represent solutions to problems in multiple ways using objects, drawings, tables, graphs and equations.
  • Progress from modeling problems with objects and drawings to using algorithms and equations.
  • Express connections between concepts and representations.
  • Choose a representation based on the given context or purpose.
Teachers who encourage students to demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways: 
  • Help students make connections between concepts and representations.
  • Provide opportunities for students to use manipulatives when investigating concepts.
  • Guide students from concrete to pictorial to abstract representations as understanding progresses.
  • Show students that various representations can have different purposes and can be useful in different situations. 
MA.K12.MTR.3.1: Complete tasks with mathematical fluency. 

Mathematicians who complete tasks with mathematical fluency:

  • Select efficient and appropriate methods for solving problems within the given context.
  • Maintain flexibility and accuracy while performing procedures and mental calculations.
  • Complete tasks accurately and with confidence.
  • Adapt procedures to apply them to a new context.
  • Use feedback to improve efficiency when performing calculations. 
Teachers who encourage students to complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
  • Provide students with the flexibility to solve problems by selecting a procedure that allows them to solve efficiently and accurately.
  • Offer multiple opportunities for students to practice efficient and generalizable methods.
  • Provide opportunities for students to reflect on the method they used and determine if a more efficient method could have been used. 
MA.K12.MTR.4.1: Engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others. 

Mathematicians who engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:

  • Communicate mathematical ideas, vocabulary and methods effectively.
  • Analyze the mathematical thinking of others.
  • Compare the efficiency of a method to those expressed by others.
  • Recognize errors and suggest how to correctly solve the task.
  • Justify results by explaining methods and processes.
  • Construct possible arguments based on evidence. 
Teachers who encourage students to engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
  • Establish a culture in which students ask questions of the teacher and their peers, and error is an opportunity for learning.
  • Create opportunities for students to discuss their thinking with peers.
  • Select, sequence and present student work to advance and deepen understanding of correct and increasingly efficient methods.
  • Develop students’ ability to justify methods and compare their responses to the responses of their peers. 
MA.K12.MTR.5.1: Use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts. 

Mathematicians who use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:

  • Focus on relevant details within a problem.
  • Create plans and procedures to logically order events, steps or ideas to solve problems.
  • Decompose a complex problem into manageable parts.
  • Relate previously learned concepts to new concepts.
  • Look for similarities among problems.
  • Connect solutions of problems to more complicated large-scale situations. 
Teachers who encourage students to use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
  • Help students recognize the patterns in the world around them and connect these patterns to mathematical concepts.
  • Support students to develop generalizations based on the similarities found among problems.
  • Provide opportunities for students to create plans and procedures to solve problems.
  • Develop students’ ability to construct relationships between their current understanding and more sophisticated ways of thinking.
MA.K12.MTR.6.1: Assess the reasonableness of solutions. 

Mathematicians who assess the reasonableness of solutions: 

  • Estimate to discover possible solutions.
  • Use benchmark quantities to determine if a solution makes sense.
  • Check calculations when solving problems.
  • Verify possible solutions by explaining the methods used.
  • Evaluate results based on the given context. 
Teachers who encourage students to assess the reasonableness of solutions:
  • Have students estimate or predict solutions prior to solving.
  • Prompt students to continually ask, “Does this solution make sense? How do you know?”
  • Reinforce that students check their work as they progress within and after a task.
  • Strengthen students’ ability to verify solutions through justifications. 
MA.K12.MTR.7.1: Apply mathematics to real-world contexts. 

Mathematicians who apply mathematics to real-world contexts:

  • Connect mathematical concepts to everyday experiences.
  • Use models and methods to understand, represent and solve problems.
  • Perform investigations to gather data or determine if a method is appropriate. • Redesign models and methods to improve accuracy or efficiency. 
Teachers who encourage students to apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
  • Provide opportunities for students to create models, both concrete and abstract, and perform investigations.
  • Challenge students to question the accuracy of their models and methods.
  • Support students as they validate conclusions by comparing them to the given situation.
  • Indicate how various concepts can be applied to other disciplines.
ELA.K12.EE.1.1: Cite evidence to explain and justify reasoning.
K-1 Students include textual evidence in their oral communication with guidance and support from adults. The evidence can consist of details from the text without naming the text. During 1st grade, students learn how to incorporate the evidence in their writing.

2-3 Students include relevant textual evidence in their written and oral communication. Students should name the text when they refer to it. In 3rd grade, students should use a combination of direct and indirect citations.

4-5 Students continue with previous skills and reference comments made by speakers and peers. Students cite texts that they’ve directly quoted, paraphrased, or used for information. When writing, students will use the form of citation dictated by the instructor or the style guide referenced by the instructor. 

6-8 Students continue with previous skills and use a style guide to create a proper citation.

9-12 Students continue with previous skills and should be aware of existing style guides and the ways in which they differ.

ELA.K12.EE.2.1: Read and comprehend grade-level complex texts proficiently.
See Text Complexity for grade-level complexity bands and a text complexity rubric.
ELA.K12.EE.3.1: Make inferences to support comprehension.
Students will make inferences before the words infer or inference are introduced. Kindergarten students will answer questions like “Why is the girl smiling?” or make predictions about what will happen based on the title page. Students will use the terms and apply them in 2nd grade and beyond.
ELA.K12.EE.4.1: Use appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations.
In kindergarten, students learn to listen to one another respectfully.

In grades 1-2, students build upon these skills by justifying what they are thinking. For example: “I think ________ because _______.” The collaborative conversations are becoming academic conversations.

In grades 3-12, students engage in academic conversations discussing claims and justifying their reasoning, refining and applying skills. Students build on ideas, propel the conversation, and support claims and counterclaims with evidence.

ELA.K12.EE.5.1: Use the accepted rules governing a specific format to create quality work.
Students will incorporate skills learned into work products to produce quality work. For students to incorporate these skills appropriately, they must receive instruction. A 3rd grade student creating a poster board display must have instruction in how to effectively present information to do quality work.
ELA.K12.EE.6.1: Use appropriate voice and tone when speaking or writing.
In kindergarten and 1st grade, students learn the difference between formal and informal language. For example, the way we talk to our friends differs from the way we speak to adults. In 2nd grade and beyond, students practice appropriate social and academic language to discuss texts.
ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1: English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting.
ELD.K12.ELL.SS.1: English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Social Studies.
HE.K.C.2.4: Explain the importance of rules to maintain health.

General Course Information and Notes


Living, Learning and Working Together: Kindergarten students will learn about themselves, their families, and the community. Students will be introduced to basic concepts related to history, geography, economics, and citizenship.

Instructional Practices

Teaching from well-written, grade-level instructional materials enhances students' content area knowledge and also strengthens their ability to comprehend longer, complex reading passages on any topic for any reason. Using the following instructional practices also helps student learning:

1. Reading assignments from longer text passages as well as shorter ones when text is extremely complex.

2. Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.

3. Asking high-level, text-specific questions and requiring high-level, complex tasks and assignments.

4. Requiring students to support answers with evidence from the text.

5. Providing extensive text-based research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).

Florida’s Benchmarks for Excellent Student Thinking (B.E.S.T.) Standards
This course includes Florida’s B.E.S.T. ELA Expectations (EE) and Mathematical Thinking and Reasoning Standards (MTRs) for students. Florida educators should intentionally embed these standards within the content and their instruction as applicable. For guidance on the implementation of the EEs and MTRs, please visit and select the appropriate B.E.S.T. Standards package.

English Language Development ELD Standards Special Notes Section:
Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English language learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in the content area of Social Studies. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success. The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL’s need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link:

General Information

Course Number: 5021020 Course Path: Section: Grades PreK to 12 Education Courses > Grade Group: Grades PreK to 5 Education Courses > Subject: Social Studies > SubSubject: General >
Abbreviated Title: SOC STUDIES K
Course Attributes:
  • Class Size Core Required
  • Florida Standards Course
  • Core Course
Course Type: Core Academic Course
Course Status: Course Approved
Grade Level(s): K

Educator Certifications

Social Studies (Elementary Grades 1-6)
Primary Education (K-3)
Prekindergarten/Primary Education (Age 3 through Grade 3)
Elementary Education (Elementary Grades 1-6)
Early Childhood Education (Early Childhood)
Elementary Education (Grades K-6)

State Adopted Instructional Materials

Florida History Makers: Myself, My School, My Community
Dr. Kim Mogilevsky, Shawn P. Mabry, M. Ed., Shari L. Markowitz, Stephanie Mahler, M.A.C.E.; Editor: Monica Sherwin, M.A. - Analytic Orange, Inc. - 1e - 2021
Florida Kindergarten Social Studies: Living, Learning, and Working Together
Marsh, et al - Gallopade International, Inc. - 1st Edition - 2023
Florida Social Studies, Living, Learning, and Working Together Grade K
James Banks, Ph. D.; Denise Bossy, Ph.D.; Tahira Dupree Chase, Ed.D.; Gary Clayton, Ph.D. ; Kevin Colleary, Ph. D.; William Deverell, Ph. D.; Jana Echevarria, Ph. D.; Douglas Fisher, Ph. D.; Lorri Glover, Ph.D.; Thomas Herman, Ph.D.; Nafees Khan, Ph.D.; Dan Lewis, Ph. D.; Elizabeth Logan, Ph. D.; Jay McTighe; Walter C. Parker, Ph. D.; Emily Schell, Ed. D.; Fiona Vernal, Ph. D. - McGraw Hill LLC - 1 - 2024
Nystrom Young Citizens: Discover Florida, GR K
Social Studies School Service - Nystrom Education - 1st - 2022
Social Studies Alive! Me and My World (Florida Series, Grade K)
Bert Bower - Teachers' Curriculum Insitute - 3 - 2022

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