|MU.3.C.1.1:|| Describe listening skills and how they support appreciation of musical works. |
e.g., focus: form, instrumentation, tempo, dynamics; organize: listening maps, active listening, checklists
|MU.3.C.1.2:|| Respond to a musical work in a variety of ways and compare individual interpretations.|
e.g., move, draw, sing, play, gesture, conduct
|MU.3.C.1.3:|| Identify families of orchestral and band instruments.|
e.g., strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion, keyboards
|MU.3.C.2.1:|| Evaluate performances of familiar music using teacher-established criteria. |
|MU.3.C.3.1:|| Identify musical characteristics and elements within a piece of music when discussing the value of the work.|
e.g., tempo, rhythm, timbre, form, instrumentation, texture
|MU.3.F.2.1:|| Identify musicians in the school, community, and media.|
e.g., band, chorus, and/or orchestra member; music teacher; cantor, choir director, or song leader in religious services
|MU.3.F.2.2:|| Describe opportunities for personal music-making.|
e.g., performing ensembles, individual lessons, community and church music groups, family, playground, computer-generated music
|MU.3.F.3.1:|| Collaborate with others to create a musical presentation and acknowledge individual contributions as an integral part of the whole.|
e.g., work together, communicate effectively, share tasks and responsibilities, work well in cooperative learning groups
|MU.3.H.1.2:|| Identify significant information about specified composers and one or more of their musical works. |
|MU.3.H.3.1:|| Experience and discuss, using correct music and other relevant content-area vocabulary, similarities in the use of pattern, line, and form in music and other teacher-selected contexts.|
e.g., in dance, visual art, language arts, pulse, rhythm, fluency
|MU.3.O.1.1:|| Identify, using correct music vocabulary, the elements in a musical work.|
e.g., rhythm, pitch, timbre, form
|MU.3.O.1.2:|| Identify and describe the musical form of a familiar song.|
e.g., AB, ABA, ABABA, call-and-response, verse/refrain, rondo, intro, coda
|MU.3.O.3.1:|| Describe how tempo and dynamics can change the mood or emotion of a piece of music. |
|MU.3.S.2.1:|| Identify patterns in songs to aid the development of sequencing and memorization skills.|
e.g., parts of a round, parts of a layered work
|MU.3.S.3.3:|| Sing simple la-sol-mi-re-do patterns at sight.|
e.g., reading from hand signs; reading from nontraditional or traditional notation
|MU.4.C.1.1:|| Develop effective listening strategies and describe how they can support appreciation of musical works. |
e.g., listen for form, instrumentation, tempo, dynamics, melodic line, rhythm patterns; organize thoughts using listening maps, active listening, checklists
|MU.4.C.1.2:|| Describe, using correct music vocabulary, what is heard in a specific musical work.|
e.g., movement of melodic line, tempo, repeated and contrasting patterns
|MU.4.C.1.3:|| Classify orchestral and band instruments as strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion, or keyboard. |
|MU.4.C.2.1:|| Identify and describe basic music performance techniques to provide a foundation for critiquing one's self and others.|
e.g., intonation, balance, blend, timbre, posture, breath support
|MU.4.C.2.2:|| Critique specific techniques in one's own and others performances using teacher-established criteria. |
|MU.4.C.3.1:|| Describe characteristics that make various musical works appealing.|
e.g., tempo, rhythm, dynamics, blend, timbre, form, texture, instrumentation
|MU.4.F.2.1:|| Describe roles and careers of selected musicians.|
e.g., teacher, conductor, composer, studio musician, recording technician, sound engineer, entertainer
|MU.4.F.3.1:|| Identify the characteristics and behaviors displayed by successful student musicians, and discuss how these qualities will contribute to success beyond the music classroom.|
e.g., punctual, prepared, dependable, self-disciplined, solutions-oriented, shows initiative, uses time wisely
|MU.4.F.3.2:|| Discuss the safe, legal way to download songs and other media.|
e.g., sharing personal and financial information, copying and sharing music
|MU.4.H.1.2:|| Describe the influence of selected composers on the musical works and practices or traditions of their time. |
|MU.4.H.3.1:|| Identify connections among music and other contexts, using correct music and other relevant content-area vocabulary, and explore how learning in one academic area can help with knowledge or skill acquisition in a different academic area.|
e.g., movement, form, repetition, rhythmic patterns/numeric patterns, fractions, vibrations/sound waves
|MU.4.O.1.1:|| Compare musical elements in different types of music, using correct music vocabulary, as a foundation for understanding the structural conventions of specific styles.|
e.g., rules of rhythm, melody, timbre, form, tonality, harmony, meter; styles: Classical, Baroque
|MU.4.O.3.1:|| Identify how expressive elements and lyrics affect the mood or emotion of a song.|
e.g., tempo, dynamics, phrasing, articulation
|MU.4.O.3.2:|| Apply expressive elements to a vocal or instrumental piece and, using correct music vocabulary, explain one's choices. |
|MU.4.S.1.3:|| Arrange a familiar song for voices or instruments by manipulating form.|
e.g., introduction, interlude/bridge, coda, ABA, rondo
|MU.4.S.2.1:|| Apply knowledge of musical structure to aid in sequencing and memorization and to internalize details of rehearsal and performance. |
|MU.4.S.3.3:|| Perform extended pentatonic melodies at sight.|
e.g., high do, low sol, low la; vocal and/or instrumental
|MU.5.C.1.1:|| Discuss and apply listening strategies to support appreciation of musical works. |
e.g., focus: structure, instrumentation, tempo, dynamics, melodic line, rhythm patterns, style/genre; organize: listening maps, active listening, checklists
|MU.5.C.1.2:|| Hypothesize and discuss, using correct music vocabulary, the composer's intent for a specific musical work.|
e.g., title, historical notes, quality recordings, instrumentation, expressive elements
|MU.5.C.1.3:|| Identify, aurally, selected instruments of the band and orchestra.|
e.g., violin, cello, string bass, flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon, trumpet, trombone, tuba, French horn, bass drum, snare drum, xylophone, chimes, piano, harpsichord
|MU.5.C.2.1:|| Define criteria, using correct music vocabulary, to critique one's own and others performance.|
e.g., intonation, balance, blend, timbre
|MU.5.C.2.2:|| Describe changes, using correct music vocabulary, in one's own and/or others performance over time. |
|MU.5.C.3.1:|| Develop criteria to evaluate an exemplary musical work from a specific period or genre. |
|MU.5.F.2.1:|| Describe jobs associated with various types of concert venues and performing arts centers.|
e.g., music merchant, ticket agent, marketer, agent, security guard, food-and-beverage merchant
|MU.5.F.2.2:|| Explain why live performances are important to the career of the artist and the success of performance venues. |
|MU.5.F.3.1:|| Examine and discuss the characteristics and behaviors displayed by successful student musicians that can be applied outside the music classroom.|
e.g., dedicated, works toward mastery, punctual, prepared, dependable, self-disciplined, solutions-oriented
|MU.5.F.3.2:|| Practice safe, legal, and responsible acquisition and use of music media, and describe why it is important to do so.|
e.g., downloading music and other digital media, sharing personal and financial information, copying music
|MU.5.H.1.2:|| Compare and describe the compositional characteristics used by two or more composers whose works are studied in class. |
|MU.5.H.3.1:|| Examine critical-thinking processes in music and describe how they can be transferred to other disciplines. |
e.g., reading, writing, observing, listening, evaluating, embellishing, revising
|MU.5.O.1.1:|| Analyze, using correct music vocabulary, the use of musical elements in various styles of music as a foundation for understanding the creative process.|
e.g., rhythm patterns, melody, timbre, form, tonality, harmony, meter, key; styles: Classical, Baroque, Romantic, nationalistic, jazz
|MU.5.O.3.1:|| Examine and explain how expressive elements, when used in a selected musical work, affect personal response.|
e.g., tempo, dynamics, timbre, texture, phrasing, articulation
|MU.5.O.3.2:|| Perform expressive elements in a vocal or instrumental piece as indicated by the score and/or conductor. |
|MU.5.S.1.3:|| Arrange a familiar song by manipulating specified aspects of music.|
e.g., dynamics, tempo, lyrics, form, rhythm, instrumentation
|MU.5.S.1.4:|| Sing or play simple melodic patterns by ear with support from the teacher. |
|MU.5.S.2.1:|| Use expressive elements and knowledge of musical structure to aid in sequencing and memorization and to internalize details of rehearsals and performance. |
|MU.5.S.2.2:|| Apply performance techniques to familiar music. |
|MU.5.S.3.3:|| Perform simple diatonic melodies at sight.|
e.g., vocal and/or instrumental
|MA.K12.MTR.1.1:|| Actively participate in effortful learning both individually and collectively. |
Mathematicians who participate in effortful learning both individually and with others:
- Analyze the problem in a way that makes sense given the task.
- Ask questions that will help with solving the task.
- Build perseverance by modifying methods as needed while solving a challenging task.
- Stay engaged and maintain a positive mindset when working to solve tasks.
- Help and support each other when attempting a new method or approach.
Teachers who encourage students to participate actively in effortful learning both individually and with others:
- Cultivate a community of growth mindset learners.
- Foster perseverance in students by choosing tasks that are challenging.
- Develop students’ ability to analyze and problem solve.
- Recognize students’ effort when solving challenging problems.
|MA.K12.MTR.2.1:|| Demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways. |
Mathematicians who demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:
- Build understanding through modeling and using manipulatives.
- Represent solutions to problems in multiple ways using objects, drawings, tables, graphs and equations.
- Progress from modeling problems with objects and drawings to using algorithms and equations.
- Express connections between concepts and representations.
- Choose a representation based on the given context or purpose.
Teachers who encourage students to demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:
- Help students make connections between concepts and representations.
- Provide opportunities for students to use manipulatives when investigating concepts.
- Guide students from concrete to pictorial to abstract representations as understanding progresses.
- Show students that various representations can have different purposes and can be useful in different situations.
|MA.K12.MTR.3.1:|| Complete tasks with mathematical fluency. |
Mathematicians who complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
- Select efficient and appropriate methods for solving problems within the given context.
- Maintain flexibility and accuracy while performing procedures and mental calculations.
- Complete tasks accurately and with confidence.
- Adapt procedures to apply them to a new context.
- Use feedback to improve efficiency when performing calculations.
Teachers who encourage students to complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
- Provide students with the flexibility to solve problems by selecting a procedure that allows them to solve efficiently and accurately.
- Offer multiple opportunities for students to practice efficient and generalizable methods.
- Provide opportunities for students to reflect on the method they used and determine if a more efficient method could have been used.
|MA.K12.MTR.4.1:|| Engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others. |
Mathematicians who engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
- Communicate mathematical ideas, vocabulary and methods effectively.
- Analyze the mathematical thinking of others.
- Compare the efficiency of a method to those expressed by others.
- Recognize errors and suggest how to correctly solve the task.
- Justify results by explaining methods and processes.
- Construct possible arguments based on evidence.
Teachers who encourage students to engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
- Establish a culture in which students ask questions of the teacher and their peers, and error is an opportunity for learning.
- Create opportunities for students to discuss their thinking with peers.
- Select, sequence and present student work to advance and deepen understanding of correct and increasingly efficient methods.
- Develop students’ ability to justify methods and compare their responses to the responses of their peers.
|MA.K12.MTR.5.1:|| Use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts. |
Mathematicians who use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
- Focus on relevant details within a problem.
- Create plans and procedures to logically order events, steps or ideas to solve problems.
- Decompose a complex problem into manageable parts.
- Relate previously learned concepts to new concepts.
- Look for similarities among problems.
- Connect solutions of problems to more complicated large-scale situations.
Teachers who encourage students to use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
- Help students recognize the patterns in the world around them and connect these patterns to mathematical concepts.
- Support students to develop generalizations based on the similarities found among problems.
- Provide opportunities for students to create plans and procedures to solve problems.
- Develop students’ ability to construct relationships between their current understanding and more sophisticated ways of thinking.
|MA.K12.MTR.6.1:|| Assess the reasonableness of solutions. |
Mathematicians who assess the reasonableness of solutions:
- Estimate to discover possible solutions.
- Use benchmark quantities to determine if a solution makes sense.
- Check calculations when solving problems.
- Verify possible solutions by explaining the methods used.
- Evaluate results based on the given context.
Teachers who encourage students to assess the reasonableness of solutions:
- Have students estimate or predict solutions prior to solving.
- Prompt students to continually ask, “Does this solution make sense? How do you know?”
- Reinforce that students check their work as they progress within and after a task.
- Strengthen students’ ability to verify solutions through justifications.
|MA.K12.MTR.7.1:|| Apply mathematics to real-world contexts. |
Mathematicians who apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
- Connect mathematical concepts to everyday experiences.
- Use models and methods to understand, represent and solve problems.
- Perform investigations to gather data or determine if a method is appropriate.
• Redesign models and methods to improve accuracy or efficiency.
Teachers who encourage students to apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
- Provide opportunities for students to create models, both concrete and abstract, and perform investigations.
- Challenge students to question the accuracy of their models and methods.
- Support students as they validate conclusions by comparing them to the given situation.
- Indicate how various concepts can be applied to other disciplines.
|ELA.K12.EE.1.1:|| Cite evidence to explain and justify reasoning.|
K-1 Students include textual evidence in their oral communication with guidance and support from adults. The evidence can consist of details from the text without naming the text. During 1st grade, students learn how to incorporate the evidence in their writing.
2-3 Students include relevant textual evidence in their written and oral communication. Students should name the text when they refer to it. In 3rd grade, students should use a combination of direct and indirect citations.
4-5 Students continue with previous skills and reference comments made by speakers and peers. Students cite texts that they’ve directly quoted, paraphrased, or used for information. When writing, students will use the form of citation dictated by the instructor or the style guide referenced by the instructor.
6-8 Students continue with previous skills and use a style guide to create a proper citation.
9-12 Students continue with previous skills and should be aware of existing style guides and the ways in which they differ.
|ELA.K12.EE.2.1:|| Read and comprehend grade-level complex texts proficiently.|
See Text Complexity for grade-level complexity bands and a text complexity rubric.
|ELA.K12.EE.3.1:|| Make inferences to support comprehension.|
Students will make inferences before the words infer or inference are introduced. Kindergarten students will answer questions like “Why is the girl smiling?” or make predictions about what will happen based on the title page.
Students will use the terms and apply them in 2nd grade and beyond.
|ELA.K12.EE.4.1:|| Use appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations.|
In kindergarten, students learn to listen to one another respectfully.
In grades 1-2, students build upon these skills by justifying what they are thinking. For example: “I think ________ because _______.” The collaborative conversations are becoming academic conversations.
In grades 3-12, students engage in academic conversations discussing claims and justifying their reasoning, refining and applying skills. Students build on ideas, propel the conversation, and support claims and counterclaims with evidence.
|ELA.K12.EE.5.1:|| Use the accepted rules governing a specific format to create quality work.|
Students will incorporate skills learned into work products to produce quality work. For students to incorporate these skills appropriately, they must receive instruction. A 3rd grade student creating a poster board display must have instruction in how to effectively present information to do quality work.
|ELA.K12.EE.6.1:|| Use appropriate voice and tone when speaking or writing.|
In kindergarten and 1st grade, students learn the difference between formal and informal language. For example, the way we talk to our friends differs from the way we speak to adults. In 2nd grade and beyond, students practice appropriate social and academic language to discuss texts.
|ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1:|| English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. |
|SC.4.P.10.3:|| Investigate and explain that sound is produced by vibrating objects and that pitch depends on how fast or slow the object vibrates. |