Name 
Description 
SS.6.E.1.1:  Identify the factors (new resources, increased productivity, education, technology, slave economy, territorial expansion) that increase economic growth.

SS.6.E.1.3:  Describe the following economic concepts as they relate to early civilization: scarcity, opportunity cost, supply and demand, barter, trade, productive resources (land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship).

SS.6.E.2.1:  Evaluate how civilizations through clans, leaders, and family groups make economic decisions for that civilization providing a framework for future citystate or nation development. 
SS.6.E.3.1:  Identify examples of mediums of exchange (currencies) used for trade (barter) for each civilization, and explain why international trade requires a system for a medium of exchange between trading both inside and among various regions.

SS.6.E.3.2:  Categorize products that were traded among civilizations, and give examples of barriers to trade of those products.

SS.6.E.3.3:  Describe traditional economies (Egypt, Greece, Rome, Kush) and elements of those economies that led to the rise of a merchant class and trading partners.

SS.6.E.3.4:  Describe the relationship among civilizations that engage in trade, including the benefits and drawbacks of voluntary trade. 
SS.6.G.1.1:  Use latitude and longitude coordinates to understand the relationship between people and places on the Earth. 
SS.6.G.1.2:  Analyze the purposes of map projections (political, physical, special purpose) and explain the applications of various types of maps.

SS.6.G.1.3:  Identify natural wonders of the ancient world.Clarifications: Examples are Seven Natural Wonders of Africa, Himalayas, Gobi Desert.  
SS.6.G.1.4:  Utilize tools geographers use to study the world.Clarifications: Examples are maps, globes, graphs, charts and geospatial tools such as GPS (global positioning system), GIS (Geographic Information Systems), satellite imagery, aerial photography, online mapping resources.  
SS.6.G.1.5:  Use scale, cardinal, and intermediate directions, and estimation of distances between places on current and ancient maps of the world. 
SS.6.G.1.6:  Use a map to identify major bodies of water of the world, and explain ways they have impacted the development of civilizations.Clarifications: Examples are major rivers, seas, oceans.  
SS.6.G.1.7:  Use maps to identify characteristics and boundaries of ancient civilizations that have shaped the world today.Clarifications: Examples are Phoenicia, Carthage, Crete, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Kush.  
SS.6.G.2.1:  Explain how major physical characteristics, natural resources, climate, and absolute and relative locations have influenced settlement, interactions, and the economies of ancient civilizations of the world. 
SS.6.G.2.2:  Differentiate between continents, regions, countries, and cities in order to understand the complexities of regions created by civilizations.Clarifications: Examples are citystates, provinces, kingdoms, empires.  
SS.6.G.2.3:  Analyze the relationship of physical geography to the development of ancient river valley civilizations.Clarifications: Examples are Tigris and Euphrates [Mesopotamia], Nile [Egypt], Indus and Ganges [Ancient India], and Huang He [Ancient China].  
SS.6.G.2.4:  Explain how the geographical location of ancient civilizations contributed to the culture and politics of those societies.Clarifications: Examples are Egypt, Rome, Greece, China, Kush.  
SS.6.G.2.5:  Interpret how geographic boundaries invite or limit interaction with other regions and cultures.Clarifications: Examples are China limits and Greece invites.  
SS.6.G.2.6:  Explain the concept of cultural diffusion, and identify the influences of different ancient cultures on one another.Clarifications: Examples are Phoenicia on Greece and Greece on Rome.  
SS.6.G.2.7:  Interpret choropleths or dotdensity maps to explain the distribution of population in the ancient world. 
SS.6.G.3.1:  Explain how the physical landscape has affected the development of agriculture and industry in the ancient world.Clarifications: Examples are terracing, seasonal crop rotations, resource development.  
SS.6.G.3.2:  Analyze the impact of human populations on the ancient world's ecosystems.
Clarifications: Examples are desertification, deforestation, abuse of resources, erosion.
 
SS.6.G.4.1:  Explain how family and ethnic relationships influenced ancient cultures. 
SS.6.G.4.2:  Use maps to trace significant migrations, and analyze their results.Clarifications: Examples are prehistoric Asians to the Americas, Aryans in Asia, Germanic tribes throughout Europe.  
SS.6.G.4.3:  Locate sites in Africa and Asia where archaeologists have found evidence of early human societies, and trace their migration patterns to other parts of the world.

SS.6.G.5.1:  Identify the methods used to compensate for the scarcity of resources in the ancient world.Clarifications: Examples are water in the Middle East, fertile soil, fuel.  
SS.6.G.5.2:  Use geographic terms and tools to explain why ancient civilizations developed networks of highways, waterways, and other transportation linkages. 
SS.6.G.5.3:  Use geographic tools and terms to analyze how famine, drought, and natural disasters plagued many ancient civilizations.Clarifications: Examples are flooding of the Nile, drought in Africa, volcanoes in the Mediterranean region, famine in Asia.  
SS.6.G.6.1:  Describe the Six Essential Elements of Geography (The World in Spatial Terms, Places and Regions, Physical Systems, Human Systems, Environment, The Uses of Geography) as the organizing framework for understanding the world and its people. 
SS.6.G.6.2:  Compare maps of the world in ancient times with current political maps. 
SS.6.W.1.1:  Use timelines to identify chronological order of historical events. 
SS.6.W.1.3:  Interpret primary and secondary sources.Clarifications: Examples are artifacts, images, auditory sources, written sources.  
SS.6.W.1.4:  Describe the methods of historical inquiry and how history relates to the other social sciences.Clarifications: Examples are archaeology, geography, political science, economics.  
SS.6.W.1.6:  Describe how history transmits culture and heritage and provides models of human character. 
MA.K12.MTR.1.1:  Actively participate in effortful learning both individually and collectively. Mathematicians who participate in effortful learning both individually and with others:
 Analyze the problem in a way that makes sense given the task.
 Ask questions that will help with solving the task.
 Build perseverance by modifying methods as needed while solving a challenging task.
 Stay engaged and maintain a positive mindset when working to solve tasks.
 Help and support each other when attempting a new method or approach.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to participate actively in effortful learning both individually and with others:
 Cultivate a community of growth mindset learners.
 Foster perseverance in students by choosing tasks that are challenging.
 Develop students’ ability to analyze and problem solve.
 Recognize students’ effort when solving challenging problems.
 
MA.K12.MTR.2.1:  Demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways. Mathematicians who demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:  Build understanding through modeling and using manipulatives.
 Represent solutions to problems in multiple ways using objects, drawings, tables, graphs and equations.
 Progress from modeling problems with objects and drawings to using algorithms and equations.
 Express connections between concepts and representations.
 Choose a representation based on the given context or purpose.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:  Help students make connections between concepts and representations.
 Provide opportunities for students to use manipulatives when investigating concepts.
 Guide students from concrete to pictorial to abstract representations as understanding progresses.
 Show students that various representations can have different purposes and can be useful in different situations.
 
MA.K12.MTR.3.1:  Complete tasks with mathematical fluency. Mathematicians who complete tasks with mathematical fluency:  Select efficient and appropriate methods for solving problems within the given context.
 Maintain flexibility and accuracy while performing procedures and mental calculations.
 Complete tasks accurately and with confidence.
 Adapt procedures to apply them to a new context.
 Use feedback to improve efficiency when performing calculations.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to complete tasks with mathematical fluency: Provide students with the flexibility to solve problems by selecting a procedure that allows them to solve efficiently and accurately.
 Offer multiple opportunities for students to practice efficient and generalizable methods.
 Provide opportunities for students to reflect on the method they used and determine if a more efficient method could have been used.
 
MA.K12.MTR.4.1:  Engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others. Mathematicians who engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:  Communicate mathematical ideas, vocabulary and methods effectively.
 Analyze the mathematical thinking of others.
 Compare the efficiency of a method to those expressed by others.
 Recognize errors and suggest how to correctly solve the task.
 Justify results by explaining methods and processes.
 Construct possible arguments based on evidence.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others: Establish a culture in which students ask questions of the teacher and their peers, and error is an opportunity for learning.
 Create opportunities for students to discuss their thinking with peers.
 Select, sequence and present student work to advance and deepen understanding of correct and increasingly efficient methods.
 Develop students’ ability to justify methods and compare their responses to the responses of their peers.
 
MA.K12.MTR.5.1:  Use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts. Mathematicians who use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:  Focus on relevant details within a problem.
 Create plans and procedures to logically order events, steps or ideas to solve problems.
 Decompose a complex problem into manageable parts.
 Relate previously learned concepts to new concepts.
 Look for similarities among problems.
 Connect solutions of problems to more complicated largescale situations.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts: Help students recognize the patterns in the world around them and connect these patterns to mathematical concepts.
 Support students to develop generalizations based on the similarities found among problems.
 Provide opportunities for students to create plans and procedures to solve problems.
 Develop students’ ability to construct relationships between their current understanding and more sophisticated ways of thinking.
 
MA.K12.MTR.6.1:  Assess the reasonableness of solutions. Mathematicians who assess the reasonableness of solutions:  Estimate to discover possible solutions.
 Use benchmark quantities to determine if a solution makes sense.
 Check calculations when solving problems.
 Verify possible solutions by explaining the methods used.
 Evaluate results based on the given context.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to assess the reasonableness of solutions: Have students estimate or predict solutions prior to solving.
 Prompt students to continually ask, “Does this solution make sense? How do you know?”
 Reinforce that students check their work as they progress within and after a task.
 Strengthen students’ ability to verify solutions through justifications.
 
MA.K12.MTR.7.1:  Apply mathematics to realworld contexts. Mathematicians who apply mathematics to realworld contexts:  Connect mathematical concepts to everyday experiences.
 Use models and methods to understand, represent and solve problems.
 Perform investigations to gather data or determine if a method is appropriate.
• Redesign models and methods to improve accuracy or efficiency.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to apply mathematics to realworld contexts: Provide opportunities for students to create models, both concrete and abstract, and perform investigations.
 Challenge students to question the accuracy of their models and methods.
 Support students as they validate conclusions by comparing them to the given situation.
 Indicate how various concepts can be applied to other disciplines.
 
ELA.K12.EE.1.1:  Cite evidence to explain and justify reasoning.Clarifications: K1 Students include textual evidence in their oral communication with guidance and support from adults. The evidence can consist of details from the text without naming the text. During 1st grade, students learn how to incorporate the evidence in their writing.23 Students include relevant textual evidence in their written and oral communication. Students should name the text when they refer to it. In 3rd grade, students should use a combination of direct and indirect citations. 45 Students continue with previous skills and reference comments made by speakers and peers. Students cite texts that they’ve directly quoted, paraphrased, or used for information. When writing, students will use the form of citation dictated by the instructor or the style guide referenced by the instructor. 68 Students continue with previous skills and use a style guide to create a proper citation. 912 Students continue with previous skills and should be aware of existing style guides and the ways in which they differ.
 
ELA.K12.EE.2.1:  Read and comprehend gradelevel complex texts proficiently.Clarifications: See Text Complexity for gradelevel complexity bands and a text complexity rubric.  
ELA.K12.EE.3.1:  Make inferences to support comprehension.Clarifications: Students will make inferences before the words infer or inference are introduced. Kindergarten students will answer questions like “Why is the girl smiling?” or make predictions about what will happen based on the title page.
Students will use the terms and apply them in 2nd grade and beyond.  
ELA.K12.EE.4.1:  Use appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations.Clarifications: In kindergarten, students learn to listen to one another respectfully.In grades 12, students build upon these skills by justifying what they are thinking. For example: “I think ________ because _______.” The collaborative conversations are becoming academic conversations. In grades 312, students engage in academic conversations discussing claims and justifying their reasoning, refining and applying skills. Students build on ideas, propel the conversation, and support claims and counterclaims with evidence.
 
ELA.K12.EE.5.1:  Use the accepted rules governing a specific format to create quality work.Clarifications: Students will incorporate skills learned into work products to produce quality work. For students to incorporate these skills appropriately, they must receive instruction. A 3rd grade student creating a poster board display must have instruction in how to effectively present information to do quality work.  
ELA.K12.EE.6.1:  Use appropriate voice and tone when speaking or writing.Clarifications: In kindergarten and 1st grade, students learn the difference between formal and informal language. For example, the way we talk to our friends differs from the way we speak to adults. In 2nd grade and beyond, students practice appropriate social and academic language to discuss texts.  
ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1:  English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. 
ELD.K12.ELL.SS.1:  English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Social Studies. 
HE.6.C.2.4:  Investigate school and public health policies that influence health promotion and disease prevention.Clarifications: Fitness reports for students, school zone speeding laws, school district wellness policies, and helmet laws.  