|PE.8.C.2.5:|| Provide feedback on skill patterns of self and partner by detecting and correcting mechanical errors. |
|PE.8.C.2.6:|| Identify the critical elements for successful performance in a variety of sport skills or physical activities. |
|PE.8.C.2.7:|| List specific safety procedures and equipment necessary for a variety of sport skills and physical activities. |
|PE.8.C.2.8:|| Describe how movement skills and strategies learned in one physical activity can be transferred and used in other physical activities.|
Some examples are volleyball and tennis serve and surfing and skate boarding.
|PE.8.L.3.1:|| Participate in moderate physical activity on a daily basis. |
|PE.8.L.3.2:|| Participate in vigorous physical activity on a daily basis. |
|PE.8.L.3.6:|| Identify a variety of individual/dual and alternative/extreme sport activities that promote stress management. |
|PE.8.L.4.1:|| Create, implement and assess a personal fitness program in collaboration with a teacher. |
|PE.8.L.4.2:|| Develop goals and strategies for a personal physical fitness program. |
|PE.8.L.4.3:|| Use available technology to assess, design and evaluate a personal physical fitness program. |
|PE.8.L.4.4:|| Develop a personal fitness program including a variety of physical activities. |
|PE.8.L.4.5:|| Identify health-related problems associated with low levels of cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition. |
|PE.8.L.4.6:|| Define training principles appropriate for enhancing cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition.|
Some examples of training principles are overload and specificity.
|PE.8.M.1.3:|| Demonstrate body management for successful participation in a variety of modified games and activities.|
Some examples of body management are balance and agility.
|PE.8.M.1.4:|| Apply principles of biomechanics necessary for safe and successful performance. |
|PE.8.M.1.7:|| Apply skill-related components of balance, reaction time, agility, coordination, power and speed to enhance performance levels. |
|PE.8.M.1.8:|| Apply technology to evaluate, monitor and improve individual motor skills.|
Some examples of technology are Excel spreadsheets or web based programs to chart or log activities, heart rate monitors, videotapes and digital cameras.
|PE.8.M.1.9:|| Select and utilize appropriate safety equipment. |
|PE.8.R.5.1:|| List ways to act independently of peer pressure during physical activities. |
|PE.8.R.5.2:|| Develop strategies for including persons of diverse backgrounds and abilities while participating in a variety of physical activities. |
|PE.8.R.5.4:|| Maintain appropriate personal, social and ethical behavior while participating in a variety of physical activities.|
Some examples are respecting teammates, opponents and officials and accepting both victory and defeat.
|PE.8.R.5.5:|| Demonstrate appropriate etiquette, care of equipment, respect for facilities and safe behaviors while participating in a variety of physical activities. |
|PE.8.R.6.1:|| Discuss opportunities for participation in a variety of physical activities outside of the school setting that contribute to personal enjoyment and the attainment or maintenance of a healthy lifestyle. |
|PE.8.R.6.2:|| Describe the potential benefits of participation in a variety of physical activities.|
Some examples of potential benefits are physical, mental, emotional and social.
|HE.8.B.4.1:|| Illustrate skills necessary for effective communication with family, peers, and others to enhance health.|
Refusal skills, nonverbal communication, asking questions, “I" messages, assertiveness, negotiation, and making requests.
|HE.8.B.4.3:|| Examine the possible causes of conflict among youth in schools and communities.|
Relationships, territory, jealousy, and gossip/rumors.
|HE.8.B.5.2:|| Categorize healthy and unhealthy alternatives to health-related issues or problems.|
(Alcohol consumption, sleep requirements, physical activity, and time management.)
|HE.8.B.5.3:|| Compile the potential outcomes of each option when making a health-related decision.|
Consequences: injury, addiction, and legal, social, sexual, and financial.
|HE.8.B.5.5:|| Evaluate the outcomes of a health-related decision.|
Addiction from alcohol consumption, brain damage from inhalant use, pregnancy from sexual activity, and weight management from proper nutrition.
|HE.8.B.6.2:|| Design an individual goal to adopt, maintain, or improve a personal health practice.|
Physical activity, eating habits, cyber bullying, social relationships, and sleep habits.
|HE.8.B.6.3:|| Apply strategies and skills needed to attain a personal health goal.|
Physical activity, nutrition modification, and anger management.
|HE.8.B.6.4:|| Describe how personal health goals can vary with changing abilities, priorities, and responsibilities.|
Weight reduction, cost of healthier food, availability of exercise equipment, and general health.
|HE.8.C.1.2:|| Analyze the interrelationship between healthy/unhealthy behaviors and the dimensions of health: physical, mental/emotional, social, and intellectual.|
Sleep/studying for tests, road rage/vehicular crashes, bullying/depression, and healthy relationships/emotional health.
|HE.8.C.1.4:|| Investigate strategies to reduce or prevent injuries and other adolescent health problems.|
Recognize signs and symptoms of depression, accessing resources, abstinence to reduce sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy; places to avoid; and healthy relationship skills.
|HE.8.C.1.8:|| Anticipate the likelihood of injury or illness if engaging in unhealthy/risky behaviors.|
Death or injury from car crashes and underage drinking/distracted driving, injuries resulting from fighting and bullying, and respiratory infections from poor hygiene.
|HE.8.C.2.2:|| Assess how the health beliefs of peers may influence adolescent health.|
Drug-use myths, perception of healthy body composition, and perceived benefits of energy drinks.
|HE.8.C.2.3:|| Analyze how the school and community may influence adolescent health.|
Drug-abuse education programs, volunteering opportunities, and availability of recreational facilities/programs.
|HE.8.C.2.6:|| Analyze the influence of technology on personal and family health.|
TV advertisements for unhealthy foods, volume of headphones, websites, and social marketing for health information.
|HE.8.C.2.8:|| Explain how the perceptions of norms influence healthy and unhealthy behaviors.|
Sexual abstinence, prescription-drug use, marijuana use, and perception that certain abusive-relationship behaviors are “normal.”
|HE.8.C.2.9:|| Analyze the influence of personal values, attitudes, and beliefs about individual health practices and behaviors.|
Social conformity, desires, and impulses.
|HE.8.P.7.1:|| Assess the importance of assuming responsibility for personal-health behaviors, including sexual behavior.|
Sexual abstinence, skin care, and drug abuse.
|HE.8.P.7.2:|| Apply healthy practices and behaviors that will maintain or improve personal health and reduce health risks.|
Participate in various physical activities, foster healthy relationships, set healthy goals, make healthy food choices, and practice Internet safety, resist negative peer pressure, get adequate sleep, and engage in respectful equality-based relationships.
|HE.8.P.8.1:|| Promote positive health choices with the influence and support of others.|
Promotion of oral health, sexual abstinence, no alcohol, tobacco, and other drug abuse.
|HE.8.P.8.3:|| Work cooperatively to advocate for healthy individuals, peers, families, and schools.|
Promote community initiatives; create media campaigns, peer-led prevention campaigns, and school wellness councils.
|MA.K12.MTR.1.1:|| Actively participate in effortful learning both individually and collectively. |
Mathematicians who participate in effortful learning both individually and with others:
- Analyze the problem in a way that makes sense given the task.
- Ask questions that will help with solving the task.
- Build perseverance by modifying methods as needed while solving a challenging task.
- Stay engaged and maintain a positive mindset when working to solve tasks.
- Help and support each other when attempting a new method or approach.
Teachers who encourage students to participate actively in effortful learning both individually and with others:
- Cultivate a community of growth mindset learners.
- Foster perseverance in students by choosing tasks that are challenging.
- Develop students’ ability to analyze and problem solve.
- Recognize students’ effort when solving challenging problems.
|MA.K12.MTR.2.1:|| Demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways. |
Mathematicians who demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:
- Build understanding through modeling and using manipulatives.
- Represent solutions to problems in multiple ways using objects, drawings, tables, graphs and equations.
- Progress from modeling problems with objects and drawings to using algorithms and equations.
- Express connections between concepts and representations.
- Choose a representation based on the given context or purpose.
Teachers who encourage students to demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:
- Help students make connections between concepts and representations.
- Provide opportunities for students to use manipulatives when investigating concepts.
- Guide students from concrete to pictorial to abstract representations as understanding progresses.
- Show students that various representations can have different purposes and can be useful in different situations.
|MA.K12.MTR.3.1:|| Complete tasks with mathematical fluency. |
Mathematicians who complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
- Select efficient and appropriate methods for solving problems within the given context.
- Maintain flexibility and accuracy while performing procedures and mental calculations.
- Complete tasks accurately and with confidence.
- Adapt procedures to apply them to a new context.
- Use feedback to improve efficiency when performing calculations.
Teachers who encourage students to complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
- Provide students with the flexibility to solve problems by selecting a procedure that allows them to solve efficiently and accurately.
- Offer multiple opportunities for students to practice efficient and generalizable methods.
- Provide opportunities for students to reflect on the method they used and determine if a more efficient method could have been used.
|MA.K12.MTR.4.1:|| Engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others. |
Mathematicians who engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
- Communicate mathematical ideas, vocabulary and methods effectively.
- Analyze the mathematical thinking of others.
- Compare the efficiency of a method to those expressed by others.
- Recognize errors and suggest how to correctly solve the task.
- Justify results by explaining methods and processes.
- Construct possible arguments based on evidence.
Teachers who encourage students to engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
- Establish a culture in which students ask questions of the teacher and their peers, and error is an opportunity for learning.
- Create opportunities for students to discuss their thinking with peers.
- Select, sequence and present student work to advance and deepen understanding of correct and increasingly efficient methods.
- Develop students’ ability to justify methods and compare their responses to the responses of their peers.
|MA.K12.MTR.5.1:|| Use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts. |
Mathematicians who use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
- Focus on relevant details within a problem.
- Create plans and procedures to logically order events, steps or ideas to solve problems.
- Decompose a complex problem into manageable parts.
- Relate previously learned concepts to new concepts.
- Look for similarities among problems.
- Connect solutions of problems to more complicated large-scale situations.
Teachers who encourage students to use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
- Help students recognize the patterns in the world around them and connect these patterns to mathematical concepts.
- Support students to develop generalizations based on the similarities found among problems.
- Provide opportunities for students to create plans and procedures to solve problems.
- Develop students’ ability to construct relationships between their current understanding and more sophisticated ways of thinking.
|MA.K12.MTR.6.1:|| Assess the reasonableness of solutions. |
Mathematicians who assess the reasonableness of solutions:
- Estimate to discover possible solutions.
- Use benchmark quantities to determine if a solution makes sense.
- Check calculations when solving problems.
- Verify possible solutions by explaining the methods used.
- Evaluate results based on the given context.
Teachers who encourage students to assess the reasonableness of solutions:
- Have students estimate or predict solutions prior to solving.
- Prompt students to continually ask, “Does this solution make sense? How do you know?”
- Reinforce that students check their work as they progress within and after a task.
- Strengthen students’ ability to verify solutions through justifications.
|MA.K12.MTR.7.1:|| Apply mathematics to real-world contexts. |
Mathematicians who apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
- Connect mathematical concepts to everyday experiences.
- Use models and methods to understand, represent and solve problems.
- Perform investigations to gather data or determine if a method is appropriate.
• Redesign models and methods to improve accuracy or efficiency.
Teachers who encourage students to apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
- Provide opportunities for students to create models, both concrete and abstract, and perform investigations.
- Challenge students to question the accuracy of their models and methods.
- Support students as they validate conclusions by comparing them to the given situation.
- Indicate how various concepts can be applied to other disciplines.
|ELA.K12.EE.1.1:|| Cite evidence to explain and justify reasoning.|
K-1 Students include textual evidence in their oral communication with guidance and support from adults. The evidence can consist of details from the text without naming the text. During 1st grade, students learn how to incorporate the evidence in their writing.
2-3 Students include relevant textual evidence in their written and oral communication. Students should name the text when they refer to it. In 3rd grade, students should use a combination of direct and indirect citations.
4-5 Students continue with previous skills and reference comments made by speakers and peers. Students cite texts that they’ve directly quoted, paraphrased, or used for information. When writing, students will use the form of citation dictated by the instructor or the style guide referenced by the instructor.
6-8 Students continue with previous skills and use a style guide to create a proper citation.
9-12 Students continue with previous skills and should be aware of existing style guides and the ways in which they differ.
|ELA.K12.EE.2.1:|| Read and comprehend grade-level complex texts proficiently.|
See Text Complexity for grade-level complexity bands and a text complexity rubric.
|ELA.K12.EE.3.1:|| Make inferences to support comprehension.|
Students will make inferences before the words infer or inference are introduced. Kindergarten students will answer questions like “Why is the girl smiling?” or make predictions about what will happen based on the title page.
Students will use the terms and apply them in 2nd grade and beyond.
|ELA.K12.EE.4.1:|| Use appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations.|
In kindergarten, students learn to listen to one another respectfully.
In grades 1-2, students build upon these skills by justifying what they are thinking. For example: “I think ________ because _______.” The collaborative conversations are becoming academic conversations.
In grades 3-12, students engage in academic conversations discussing claims and justifying their reasoning, refining and applying skills. Students build on ideas, propel the conversation, and support claims and counterclaims with evidence.
|ELA.K12.EE.5.1:|| Use the accepted rules governing a specific format to create quality work.|
Students will incorporate skills learned into work products to produce quality work. For students to incorporate these skills appropriately, they must receive instruction. A 3rd grade student creating a poster board display must have instruction in how to effectively present information to do quality work.
|ELA.K12.EE.6.1:|| Use appropriate voice and tone when speaking or writing.|
In kindergarten and 1st grade, students learn the difference between formal and informal language. For example, the way we talk to our friends differs from the way we speak to adults. In 2nd grade and beyond, students practice appropriate social and academic language to discuss texts.
|ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1:|| English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. |